This is a research study developed by Perspectum, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust and the Mayo Clinic. We invite you to take part in this research study aimed at people who have recovered, or are recovering, from COVID- 19 disease. “We” refers to the Sponsor, Perspectum.
Before you decide whether or not to take part, it is important for you to understand why the study is being done and what it will involve. Please take time to read the following information carefully and discuss it with others, if you wish. If any part is not clear, or you would like more information, please contact the study team by using the below details:
Telephone (hours 9am to 5pm): 01865 655343
REC reference: 20/SC/0185
You are being invited to join this study as part of the Autoimmune Liver Disease volunteer cohort (namely those with a diagnosis of Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH), Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) or Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC)). YoumayormaynothavehadaconfirmeddiagnosisforCOVID-19(thenewcoronavirus)disease.
If you have suffered from COVID-19 disease, you will have recovered, or will be recovering from this disease, with no fever or cough with sputum for at 7 days or longer.
You are also welcome to take part in the study whether you have been vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccine or not.
You will be 18 years of age or over.
The COVERSCAN study aims to observe any changes in certain organs that were infected with COVID-19 disease. In particular, this will involve looking at the lungs, heart, kidneys, liver, pancreas, spleen and body composition. This will be assessed using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and blood tests. An additional Autoimmune Liver Disease volunteer cohort will be recruited in order to compare and better understand the nature of the change within these various organs in those who have suffered from COVID-19 disease within this particular disease cohort. More research is needed to determine whether the specific risk of COVID-19 is increased in patients with autoimmune liver diseases.
We intend to recruit around 1970 participants overall with around 472 in this Autoimmune Liver Disease volunteer group.
The following procedures are OPTIONAL at each visit:
Each visit will take approximately 2 hours.
This study aims to provide further information for the current and future management of people who have, or are recovering from, COVID-19 disease, including those with a diagnosis of an autoimmune liver disease.
To take part, please electronically register your interest on www.coverscan.com Your registration will be completed on a secure web-based platform that will allow you to read and review the participant information leaflet before being allowed to electronically consent to participation in the study. You will also be asked to answer a few basic questions about your eligibility for the study.
A reimbursement of travel expenses, up to £20, will be available for each study visit.
No. You decide whether or not to take part. If you decide to take part, you are free to withdraw from the study at any time without giving a reason. Your withdrawal or refusal to take part will have no effect on your current or future care. If you withdraw from the study and decide to no longer participate, any information and samples that have been collected for research purposes up until the time you withdraw will continue to be held and used for the study as outlined in this leaflet. To withdraw from the study, please contact the study team, whose contact details can be found at the end of this information leaflet.
Soon after registering, a member of the study team will call you to discuss the study, answer any questions and ask you to complete the online informed consent form. If you need more time to consider, take as long as you want – a member of the team will call you back at a time most convenient to you.
Once you have given your consent, we will schedule your first visit. You will be asked to take part in up to two study visits at a study site closest to you. The study will take approximately 6-months.
Prior to each of your study visits, you will be given access to online questionnaires which we will ask you to complete. These questionnaires will help us to understand more about your current breathing symptoms and other quality of life factors. At the end of the study, the pooled and anonymous results of the questionnaires will be available to all participants upon their request. No individual participant will be identified.
Prior to each of your study visits, we will ask you some questions about your full medical history, including any medications you have taken or are currently taking. With your consent, the study team may request access to your GP records at a later date to obtain a more detailed medical history.
Visit 1 (Baseline)
During Visit 1, a detailed scan of your internal organs will be carriedoutusingmagneticresonanceimaging(MRI). Thisvisit will also involve the following:
We will take your blood pressure, as well as your height and weight.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
MRI is considered a safe and non-invasive procedure as it does not use X-rays or any form of ionising radiation. The MRI scanner uses a strong magnetic field to create detailed images of your body’s organs. The research team will ensure there is no reason to exclude your having an MRI scan, e.g. heart pacemaker, internal metal clips, pregnancy, among others. The study team will discuss safety aspects with you before you are enrolled into the study.
Each scan will take about 40 minutes in total. During the scan, you will be asked to lie on your back on a table that slides you into the scanner. You will be asked to hold your breath for 12 seconds at a time. The radiographer will practice this with you prior to the beginning of the scan. Should you feel the need to stop the scan, you can do so at any point by pressing a button that informs staff to stop. They will then slide you out of the scanner. Earplugs and/or headphones will be provided with the scan to limit noise and you may have the option to listen to music during the scan. We will ask you to fast (no food or liquids except water which you are encouraged to drink) for a minimum of 3 hours prior to each MRI scan to improve image quality.
The scans we do are for research purposes only. If any significant abnormality is found, we will tell you and send the report to your GP for further action.
We will ask to take up to 47ml of blood (around 3-3.5 Tablespoons). For Visit 1 only we will also collect blood (less than 5ml or a teaspoon) for genetic testing as we have previously found some genetic patterns linked to inflammation.
Some participating sites will offer optional additional procedures that you may choose to complete if you wish. These are:
Spirometry is a common lung function test. It is helpful in assessing breathing patterns. We will ask you to blow into a small machine that will help us to assess how well your lungs work by measuring how much air you inhale, how much you exhale and how quickly you exhale. The test should take around 10 minutes.
Pulse Oximetry (Optional):
A pulse oximetry test allows us to measure the amount of oxygen in your blood. It is a simple test that involves a small, painless clip to be put on your finger. It provides a measurement within seconds.
You will be given the option to have an ultrasound scan of your heart. This scan is called an echocardiogram, or ECHO, and will be used to assess the size and function of your heart. The procedure requires you to lie down on your side and have a probe placed on your chest whilst images of the heart are acquired. There are no known risks with ultra sound scanning. The scan should take around 30 minutes.
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (Optional):
You will be given the option of undergoing a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) to help us assess your exercise capacity (in other words, your aerobic fitness). This assessment is very popular throughout the world as a way of assessing a person’s aerobic fitness. The procedure requires you to ride on a static exercise bike that allows us to measure the work you’re putting into the exercise. The test will start at a low/easy intensity, and gradually increase, causing you to put more effort into the exercise. During the test, your heart rate will be tracked – this will be done by putting sticky patches, called electrodes, on your chest and connecting it to an ECG. In addition, you will be asked to wear a facemask, which will allow us to assess your lungs (for specifically, your how much oxygen you use) during the exercise. We will take a blood sample using a finger prick test at the start of, and at various times during, the test. During the test, you will also be asked some questions about the effort you are using.
6-Minute Walk Test (Optional):
You will be asked to walk as far as possible within 6-minutes within an indoor pre-marked corridor. This will help us assess your endurance. You will be asked some questions before and after your walk about how you feel, as well as your heart rate and oxygen saturation being measured. We will also take a blood sample using a finger prick test at the start and end of the walk test.
Visit 2 (6 month)
For Visit 2, we will ask you to complete another online questionnaire, the same as you completed at Visit 1. Visit 2 will take place 6 months after Visit 1. In this visit, we will carry out another MRI scan, take further blood samples (around 47ml), as well as taking some basic measurements (blood pressure, height and weight). Optional procedures, as per the first visit, will also be repeated.
Following Visit 2, your active participation in the study will end.
Magnetic resonance imaging does not use ionising radiation. Safety checks are carried out prior to an MRI including information from your medical and personal history. MRI scans are considered lower risk because of the absence of ionising radiation compared to CT and general X-ray imaging and there are no known lasting side effects from the strength of scanners that we use. Some temporary side effects you may experience during the scan include an increase in temperature and peripheral nerve stimulation such as in your hands or feet. The MRI scan can be noisy, and earplugs/headphones will be provided to protect your ears. The scan also involves lying flat in a slightly confined space and a small number of people find this uncomfortable. Whether magnetic resonance could potentially affect an unborn child is unknown, therefore, you should not take part in this study if you are pregnant or think you might be.
Some people find having blood drawn as uncomfortable and bruising at the needle site may occur. The study team is highly trained in drawing blood and will make you as comfortable as possible. Very rare potential risks associated with drawing blood include a blood clot (thrombosis), infection or inflammation around the needle puncture site.
Echocardiogram is a type of ultrasound scan with no known risks.
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test
The risk for CPET is the same as for mild-moderate exercise. You will be monitored closely during the test with continuous ECG and oxygen measurements. The exercise requires you to put maximal effort into the test. Therefore, we will ask you to perform a warm up and cool down during the testing session. If there are any concerns regarding your safety during the exercise testing, you will be asked to stop.
6-Minute Walk Test
A 6-minute walk test is a type of exercise test with no known risks.
There may be no personal benefit to you; however, this research study will hopefully help us understand more about how COVID-19 disease affects various organs in the body and how quickly they get better. Results of this research may also lay the foundation to improving and supporting new future treatment options available to people who experience COVID-19 disease. You will also receive an overview of your research results during the course of the study following review by the study team (the timing of this will be dependent on our analysis pipeline).
Research is one of four key pillars of the UK government strategy to manage COVID-19. At present, we know that some recovering patients may have organ damage. However, we do not know how much and why some people are more affected than others. As we begin to learn and understand more, the study team and its investigators will host regular webinars throughout the course of the study to keep participants actively informed on the progress of COVERSCAN, including any interim results. The study team might also send out occasional surveys to collect information about your feedback and experience. New and updates will also be available via participant email newsletters, as well as the COVERSCAN website – www.coverscan.com
We aim to publish the results of this study in scientific and medical journals. We will also present the findings at scientific meetings for the benefit of the wider medical community and to increase general understanding of how we can improve the recovery of patients who have succumbed to this disease. You will not be identified in any publication or presentation and your personal and clinical details will remain strictly confidential. Any scientific publication arising from the research will be available upon request to all participants. If you wish to see your scan results, please let the study team know. We ask your permission to use your images and associated research data for academic publications and patient communication purposes. No materials will include your name, study ID, or contact details.
Access to pseudonymized study data and results will also be granted to Health Data Research UK (HDRUK), Public Health England (PHE) and to the World Health Organization (WHO) to support global efforts in better understanding this disease.
Yes. The study team will collect information concerning you as part of the study and will be able to identify you. The study research team has a duty of confidentiality to you as a research participant and shall only use your information as outlined within the information leaflet.
When sharing your information with us and our study partners, your name will be replaced with a unique study- specific number so that we cannot identify you directly from your research data - this is known as ‘pseudonymised personal data’. We will maintain a database which contains you study ID and contact details, but we will only link the information where necessary as explained in this leaflet. Results of diagnostic and/or other tests (blood) that have been stored, and/or clinical observations made during your participation in the research study will be labelled with a pseudonymised personal data code and your initials instead of your name. These samples and any information created from using these samples will be treated as pseudonymised personal data and will be used and shared as a pseudonymised personal data.
Responsible members of the study team and Regulatory bodies may be given access to your information for monitoring and/or auditing of the study to ensure that the research study is following the applicable regulations. All information that relates to you will be stored in our secure study database with a unique study code number that is not personally identifiable but will allow us to link together the different types of information. All such information will be kept strictly confidential.
OPTIONAL You will be given the option to consent to Perspectum linking your study data to your identifiable information to allow us to contact you about ethically approved research investigations in the future that are specifically suitable to your health status.
The study staff will ensure that the participants’ privacy is maintained. The study will comply with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and Data Protection Act 2018.
We will need to use information from you, your medical records and your GP for this research project. This information will include your initials, name and contact details. People will use this information to do the research or to check your records to make sure that the research is being done properly.
People who do not need to know who you are will not be able to see your name or contact details. Your data will have a code number instead.
We will keep all information about you safe and secure.
Once we have finished the study, we will keep some of the data so we can check the results. We will write our reports in a way that no-one can work out that you took part in the study.
You can stop being part of the study at any time, without giving a reason, but we will keep information about you that we already have.
We need to manage your records in specific ways for the research to be reliable. This means that we won’t be able to let you see or change the data we hold about you.
If you agree to take part in this study, you will have the option to take part in future research using your data saved from this study. [Insert details of any specific bank/ repository]
All samples will be retained for future analysis and will be stored securely for up to 10 years and may be used in future research as our understanding of COVID-19 disease grows.
Some samples will be used for genetic research (DNA analysis). This research may be conducted by the study team or collaborating research teams. Your blood sample will be assigned a code and your data will also be identified only by this number. The material given to researchers will not have information that identifies you. However, your DNA is unique to you so it can never be completely anonymous.
The genetic tests would involve looking at common variations in genes that affect how organs are effected by COVID- 19 disease. We do not propose to test for inherited genetic diseases, or for conditions that will involve any other members of your family. The results of these tests will not be shared with you.
If you give your consent, samples may be used in other future research studies related to COVID-19 disease which have ethical approval. Additionally, samples may also be used to support pre-clinical work and development. Your anonymised samples will be used mainly by the study team, but ethically approved research projects may take place in hospitals, universities, non-profit institutions or commercial laboratories worldwide. Pre-clinical work and development may be organised by either non-commercial or commercial laboratories/companies worldwide. Further to this, we will also ask for your optional consent to use your samples in both future research studies and also pre-clinical work and development that are not related to COVID-19 disease.
Since we do not carry out scans and blood tests for diagnostic purposes, these should not be a substitute for clinical appointments. Our scans are for research purposes only. However, with any abnormal finding that is deemed medically significant, a member of the study team and/or the Chief Investigator will contact you and your GP to discuss the results. Further investigations may need to be arranged if necessary. Your General Practitioner will be contacted and should be sought for ongoing care.
Complaints: If you have a concern about any aspect of this study, please contact the Head of Clinical Affairs at Perspectum who will liaise with the study’s scientific advisory board.
Telephone: 01865 655343
We will ask if we can contact you about future research activities. This is optional - you can take part in this study but decline to be contacted again. If you consent, we will link your contact details to your research data to identify research activities which are relevant to your health status. You can withdraw your consent for future contact at any time without prejudice.
Perspectum, as Sponsor, has appropriate insurance in place in the unlikely event that you suffer any harm as a direct consequence of your participation in this study. Please telephone 01865 655343 or send an email to : firstname.lastname@example.org
If you wish to complain about the way you have been approached or interacted with during the course of this study, you should contact the Chief Investigator. Please telephone 01865 655343 or send an email to : email@example.com
The research is being organised and funded by Perspectum.
To protect the interest of research participants, the research is reviewed and checked by an independent group of people called a Research Ethics Committee (REC). This research has been reviewed and given a favourable opinion by the South Central – Berkshire B Research Ethics Committee (REC reference: 20/SC/0185).
Thank you for your consideration.